Pigmentation generally means uneven skin tone. It can generally occur on face, neck or any other part of the body. It can affect people of all ages, nowadays its very common problem. Due to this problem the patches of the skin become darker than the rest of the surrounding skin area. Pigmentation varies from mild spots to extreme dark patches. If a person is having mild spots on face it can be corrected with light chemical peels, lasers or one can use skin lightening creams to correct it.
Pigmentation can be caused due to several reasons like…
Dark patches and blemishes:-
Dark patches are most common nowadays. There are various reasons behind it like heredity, hormonal imbalance, stress, inadequate sleep. These look very prominent from the rest of the face. So one should prevent from solar exposure and should take adequate sleep and drink lots of water to prevent further darkening or one should consult an experienced dermatologist who can help you to get rid of this problem.
One can prevent pigmentation by applying good amount of sun block on the face just half an hour before exposure to sun. One should always check the following two things on the sun block before purchasing it; it should have mentioned ….PA+++ and should contain minimum PPD 38. One should repeat sun block at least 3 to 4 times a day.
There are various treatments available to correct pigmentation/Melasma and some of the most common are:-
Before opting for any procedure it’s very important to consult an experienced dermatologist. Let the doctor access the depth of pigmentation and according to that he will help you with the procedure which will suit you the best according to your skin.