A birthmark removal is a persistent mark anywhere on the skin, visible at birth or shortly thereafter (in weeks). It represents accumulation of skin pigment, vessels overgrowth. There is different type of nevus ranging from hypo pigmentation, Depigmentation, red colored nevus and hyper pigmentated or dark coloured. It can be unilateral or may present anywhere in the body.
Nevi range in color from a light tan to almost black depending on the type and pigment concentration. The skin of a nevus can be different than the rest of the body’s skin. In addition, to more pigment, some types of nevi produce more.
Pigmentation Type Birthmarks -
There are different ways that a birthmark can be removed, depending upon its type, size, location and other factors.
Birthmarks are usually removed by different surgical and non surgical procedures.
Now a days we use specific wave length of light which is transmitted through the layers of the skin to heat the vessels below the skin which cause lesions .The light is transmitted at regular intervals so that the effect will be on the required area or not on the adjacent tissues. The duration, number of sessions and treatments will depend on the location, size and extent of the birthmark. The advantage is that it leaves no marks. It is useful where the marks are close to the surface of the skin .This procedure can either eliminate the birthmark completely or prevent it from further growth.
This method is used when other non-surgical treatments have not worked.